Ancient writing systems in the Mediterranean

A critical guide to electronic resources


- Second half of the 24th century B.C. - Second half of the 17th century B.C.

Online resources

Web sites of general interest

  1. Shelby White and Leon Levy Program
    The Shelby White and Leon Levy Program funds archaeological publications on important sites in Anatolia, the Balkans, the Aegean, Egypt, the Levant, Mesopotamia, Nubia, the Iranian Plateau and Sudan. The volume Ebla Chora Landscape Studies - Trends in Settlement Patterns from the Early Bronze to the Iron Age, the publication of which is supervised by Agnese Vacca, is the final report on surveys carried out in the region of Tell Mardikh/Ebla, between 1964 and 2010, under the direction of Paolo Matthiae.
  2. Association "Amici di Ebla"
    The Association "Amici di Ebla" was founded in July 2010 when the Mission was still active at the site of Ebla, before all operations came to a standstill due to the outbreak of war, and was born with the aim of spreading knowledge of Near Eastern cultures to the public. This is done through a Newsletter (distributed to members only) with news on the current situation of archaeology in the Near East countries and historical information on the main sites in those regions. The Association organises conferences, workshops and lecture series on the most relevant topics of ancient Near Eastern cultures; it promotes and supports the activities of scholars and young researchers, PhD students and research fellows.

Institutions, centers for study and research

  1. Ebla Project
    An introduction to Ebla Project, a project by the Department of Antiquities of the University La Sapienza, Rome.
  2. Ebla Chora
    The site, created as part of the Ebla Chora Project (ECP, funded by an ERC Advanced Grant), presents the studies on the characterization of the chora of ancient Ebla and is linked to the OrientGIS project.
  3. Ebla Digital Archives
    Project of the Ca 'Foscari University (Venice) in collaboration with Cnr - ISMed. It is a database of Ebla texts that is constantly updated.
  4. Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative
    A project of the University of California at Los Angeles and the Max Planck Institute for the History Science, in collaboration with an international group of Assyriologists and museum curators, which aims to make the form and content of cuneiform tablets available on the web, via photos and transliterations.
  5. The Prosopography of Ebla
    Project of the University of Florence (A. Catagnoti). Collection of persons’ names and related contexts from publications of texts from Ebla (ARET, MEE and other texts published or cited in additional publications). Information about family relationships, function, geographical names of reference and related administrative terms is provided for each personal name. The material is accompanied by a bibliography related to prosopographical studies and papers in pdf.


  1. Eblaite Bibliography
    A useful tool for scholarly studies of Ebla from the beginning of excavations until 1997. It consists of four articles, the last three of which are available online in pdf:
    M. Baldacci - F. Pomponio, Bibliografía eblaita, in L. Cagni ed., Ebla 1975-1985. Dieci anni di studi linguistici e filologici, Napoli 1987, pp. 429-456.
    F. Baffi Guardata - M. Baldacci - F. Pomponio, Bibliografia Eblaita II: SEL 6 (1989), pp. 145-158. Available in pdf
  2. Eblaite Bibliography
    F. Baffi Guardata - M. Baldacci - F. Pomponio, Eblaite Bibliography III: SEL 10 (1993), pp. 93-110. Available in pdf.
  3. Eblaite Bibliography
    F. Baffi Guardata - M. Baldacci - F. Pomponio, Eblaite Bibliography IV: SEL 14 (1997), pp. 109-124. Available in pdf.
  4. Eblaite Bibliography
    Recent and complete bibliography on scientific studies of Ebla, edited by Erica Scarpa. See also
  5. Keilschriftbibliographie online
    Published in print since 1940 in Orientalia,it has become an essential tool for bibliographical research in cuneiform studies. The online version also allows research by keyword (eg. "Ebla" or "Tell Mardikh") and by name of scholar.
  6. A Bibliography of Semitic Linguistics (1940-2010)
    Online bibliography of Semitic linguistics edited by G. del Olmo Lete which includes a section devoted to Eblaite and can be downloaded in pdf.