Ancient writing systems in the Mediterranean

A critical guide to electronic resources

Celtic, gaulish

- 4th c. B.C. - 4th c. A.D.

Online resources

Web sites of general interest

  1. L'arbre celtique
    This online encyclopaedia is dedicated to ancient Celtic civilisation from a historical and scientific point of view. It contains a great deal of documentation on Celtic epigraphy, writing systems and languages, as well as many reproductions, transcriptions and translations of the inscriptions themselves.

Institutions, centers for study and research

  1. Lattes en Languedoc - Les Gaulois du Sud
    This original website, conceived by the Ministry of Culture, fully describes the archaeological site of Lattes (Lattara, Montpellier). Whether it was Gaulish or Etruscan, Lattara was always a place where natives and other populations from the Western Mediterranean basin met. Many inscriptions were found there, including two Greek alphabets.
  2. Bibracte
    The European archaeological park and centre of Bibracte (Burgondy) is one of the best places to explore Celtic civilization. There is a museum and also a specialized centre for documentation.
  3. Recueil informatisé des inscriptions gauloises
    The Recueil informatisé des inscriptions gauloises is the platform resulting from the work carried out within the framework of an ANR JCJC that started on 1 January 2020, for a duration of 4 years (ANR 19-CE17-0003). It aims at an online edition of texts in Gaulish language by aligning it with the current standards in terms of digital humanities.

Academic materials

  1. Langue et écriture en Gaule romaine
    This is a pedagogic file that can be downloaded from the Musée des Antiquités nationales de Saint-Germain-en-Laye (France). Prepared by Helene Chew, conservator, it explans the different types of inscriptions and bibliographical indications.
  2. Gallo-latin inscriptions (D. Stifter)
    This downloadable document was prepared by David Stifter in 2012 and offers an introduction to Gallo-Latin inscriptions with images, transcriptions and translations. An appendix contains a chronology of these inscriptions.
  3. Gaulish (D. Stifter)
    This downloadable document was prepared by David Stifter in 2012 as an introduction to Continental Celtic epigraphy and to Celtic languages (phonetics and script). The second part of this document contains images, transcriptions and translations of Gallo-Greek inscriptions.


  1. Gaulish
    Mullen, A., Ruiz Darasse, C., « Gaulish », dans Palaeoeuropean Languages & Scripts, Zaragoza (Palaeohispánica, 20), 2020, p. 749-783.

Museums and collections

  1. Les Gaulois, une exposition renversante !
    This website was created for an exhibition called "Gaulois, une expo renversante". A coproduction of Universcience and INRAP, in collaboration with the Department of Culture and Communication, the exhibition "Gaulois, une expo renversante" was a great success in the Cité des Sciences et de l'Industrie in Paris (272,000 visitors).
  2. Musée Fenaille (Rodez)
    The Fenaille Museum in Rodez (Aveyron) describes some Gallo-Latin inscriptions on terra sigillata ceramics from La Graufesenque.
  3. Musée de Millau et des Grands-Causses
    La Graufesenque Museum describes Gallo-Latin inscriptions on terra sigillata ceramics found in this archaeological potters site.
  4. Musée gallo-romain de Lyon-Fourvière
    Website of the archaeological museum of Lyon Fourvière, where the Coligny calendar and many other artefacts of the culture and civilisation of La Tène are held.