Ancient writing systems in the Mediterranean

A critical guide to electronic resources

Celtic, writing systems

- 4th c. B.C. - 1st c. A.D.

Online resources

Online documents

  1. Old Celtic Languages
    This PDF file from David Stifter (consultable and downloadable) is a general introduction to ancient Celtic languages. It offers a large bibliography and some general linguistic data about Celtic languages and epigraphs.

Institutions, centers for study and research

  1. CELT
    This English website contains a large set of online resources for learning the Irish language and for Celtic studies (mainly medieval Celtic studies).
  2. Lexicon Leponticum (LexLep)
    This huge collaborative project, initiated by David Stifter, is meant to be an etymological dictionary for the Lepontic language. According to the home page of this project, its main objective is the publication of all artefacts with Lepontic and Cisalpine inscriptions and the constitution of an etymological dictionary of all attested words. It began in 2009 and is still in progress.
  3. RIIG (Recueil informatisé des inscriptions gauloises)
    The RIIG project, Recueil informatisé des inscriptions gauloises, is an ANR JCJC project that was launched on January 1st 2020 and will go on for four years (48 months). The project aims at producing a durable editio maior. of the currently known Gallic inscriptions coming from French territory, at the updating and modernization of previous editions, at publishing each inscription anew with a precise contextualization, at preparing a sociolinguistic analysis, and at offering an up-to-date archaeological and linguistic bibliography.


  1. Celtibérico
    Beltrán Lloris, F., Jordán Cólera, C., « Celtibérico », Palaeohispanica. Revista sobre lenguas y culturas de la Hispania Antigua, n° 20, mai 2020, p. 631-688.
  2. Cisalpine Celtic
    Stifter, D., « Cisalpine Celtic », Palaeohispanica, n° 20, 2020, p. 335-365
  3. Gaulish
    Mullen, A., Ruiz Darasse, C., « Gaulish », dans Palaeoeuropean Languages & Scripts, Zaragoza (Palaeohispánica, 20), 2020, p. 749-783.

Collections of texts and digital libraries

  1. FERCAN (Fontes Epigraphici Religionvm Celticarvm Antiqvarvm)
    In this website some re-transcripted (Gaulish, Celtiberian, Lepontic but also Lusitanian) inscriptions can be found, with drawings and a short bibliography.
  2. Celtic personal names of Roman Britain (CPNRB)
    This website allows the consultation online of a database for the Celtic personal names of Roman Britain. This project offers many ways of searching and has become an indispensable tool for Celtic onomastic research.
  3. Celtic Inscribed Stones Project (CISP)
    The Celtic Inscribed Stones Project is based in the Department of History and the Institute of Archaeology of the University College London. The database includes every non-Runic inscription found on a stone monument within Celtic-speaking areas (Ireland, Scotland, Wales, Dumnonia, Brittany and the Isle of Man) from the early middle ages (AD 400-1000). There are over 1,200 such inscriptions. This database is useful for making some parallels between different Celtic languages (continental or insular).


  1. Keltische Forschungen (2006-)
    This website offers the content of all the issues of Keltisch Forschungen, a journal published by the Vienna University (Austria). This magazine gathers many papers about Celtic languages and writing systems, from Antiquity to the Middle Ages.
  2. Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie
    This journal is one of the main references for Celtic Studies. The contents of the issues published since 1897 (vol. 1-57, 1897-2010) are available for consultation online. See also the site of the De Gruyter publisher for indexes (in order to access full articles it is necessary to pay a fee)
  3. Études celtiques (vol. 1-36)
    Études celtiques is one of the most important journals on Celtic languages. It is entirely online on the Persée site starting from the 1936 issue.
  4. Revue celtique
    The Revue celtique was the first academic journal entirely dedicated to Celtic studies. Founded by Henri d'Arbois de Jubainville and Joseph Loth, its title changed in 1934 to Etudes celtiques. The website named Gallica allows browsing and researching online through the 51 first issues of the Revue celtique.