Ancient writing systems in the Mediterranean

A critical guide to electronic resources


- 2nd (9th?) century BC-7th century AD

Online resources

Web sites of general interest

  1. Tifinagh : the Berber alphabet from A to Z
    An overview of the decipherment and development of the Libyco-Berber script up to present-day Neo-Tifinagh.
  2. Deciphering: A few thoughts about the Libyco-Berber script
    Discusses Libyco-Berber. Two recent studies, the one devoted to contemporary rock inscriptions and the other to the evolution of Libyco-Berber scripts from Ancient Times up till the present, are reviewed; and a few hypotheses related to the dating of engravings are discussed as well as the circumstances of the initial discovery made in Dougga.
  3. 'Libyan' Inscriptions in Numidia and Mauretania
    A brief introduction for beginners, taking a sceptical line on decipherment.

Online documents

  1. Répertoire des Inscriptions Libyco-Berbères
    A yearly newsletter edited by Lionel Galand.
  2. L'écriture libyco-berbère : Etat des lieux et perspectives
    A general introduction to Libyco-Berber.
  3. L'écriture libyco-berbère. Etat des lieux, déchiffrement et perspectives linguistiques et sociolinguistiques.
    A general introduction to the Libyco-Berber script, with a focus on the problem of understanding the language it is written in.


  1. Fonts for Berber - Luc Devroye
    A collection of links to Libyco-Berber and (Neo-)Tifinagh fonts.

Collections of texts and digital libraries

  1. Libyco-Berber Inscriptions Online Database
    An online database for the storage and analysis of Libyco-Berber inscriptions from the Canary Islands and Northern Africa. At present it covers only the Canary Islands and Morocco.


  1. Bibliographie berbère
    A general bibliography of Berber studies, including Libyco-Berber.
  2. A Bibliography of Berber Language Materials
    A general bibliography in English of Berber studies, including Libyco-Berber.
  3. LBI: Script
    A partial bibliography with links to PDF versions of articles.