Ancient writing systems in the Mediterranean

A critical guide to electronic resources


- 14-12th century BC

Online resources

Online documents

  1. Studi Epigrafici e Linguistici sul Vicino Oriente antico
    Page from the journal Studi Epigrafici e Linguistici sul Vicino Oriente antico. It contains many issues in full-text format.
  2. P. Day, The Decipherment of Ugaritic
    Paper by P. Day on the history of decipherment of Ugaritic. Published in Studi Epigrafici e Linguistici 2002
  3. Ugarit Ritual Texts
    Paper by Dennis Pardee, professor at the University of Chicago, on Ugaritic ritual texts (2002).
  4. Syria - online journal (in Persée)
    Page from the journal Syria published by the Institut Français du Proche-Orient. It contains all issues in full-text format starting from 1920 until 2005. The first news about the discovery and finds at Ugarit were published in it.
  5. Syria - online journal
    Page from the journal Syria published by the Institut Français du Proche-Orient. It contains all issues starting from 2006 in full-text format.

Institutions, centers for study and research

  1. Mission archéologique de Ras Shamra
    Official site of the archaeological mission at Ras Shamra – Ugarit containing information and images on the Ugarit site, its history, diggings, finds and recent news.
  2. Ugarit-Portal Göttingen
    Web site, edited by the research group directed by Prof. R. Müller, on the texts in Ugaritic. It includes an overview on Ugaritic texts and a plentiful bibliography which is organized by topic.
  3. The Ras Shamra Tablet Inventory
    Website primarily devoted to creating an inventory of all the inscribed objects in Ugaritic from the diggings at Ras Shamra(Ugarit). The site also includes many photographs, taken by John Ellison, of the tablets.

Academic materials

  1. A. Gianto, Ugaritic
    Chapter from the open access book by H. Gzella, Languages from the World of the Bible, 2011, with an overview on the Ugaritic language and writing system.
  2. Ugaritic WikiSpace
    A Wiki dedicated to the Ugaritic language which contains the alphabet and grammar lessons.
  3. Edinburgh Ras Shamra Project
    Many different resources on the findings at Ugarit with images of texts and archeological finds

Museums and collections

  1. Louvre Museum. Collection of Near Eastern Antiquities, the Levant.
    Some of the Ugarit finds in the Louvre museum collections.


  1. Bibliography of Ugaritic grammar
    A bibliography of Ugaritic grammar and Biblical Hebrew Grammar in the Twentieth Century by Marc S. Smith
  2. General bibliography on Ugarit
    A complete list of the publications by the members of the archaeological mission in Ugarit from 1929 up to now.
  3. Bibliography of the Ugarit-Portal Göttingen
    Bibliography of Ugaritic texts organized thematically.