Ancient writing systems in the Mediterranean

A critical guide to electronic resources


- end 1st century - 11th century AD

Examples of writing

Beginning of the Gospel of Mark

Beginning of the Gospel of Mark


1. etarke em peuangelion n ies(ous) pech(risto)s.

2. kata p etseh hen esaias peprophetes e eisheete ti na eu paangelos hihe emmo k enf sbte tekhie.

3. epehroou em p et oš ebol hen teremos e souten tehie em poeis enteten souten nefmoeit.



1. Beginning of the Gospel of Jesus Christ.

2. It is written in the book of the prophet Isaiah: 'Look, I send my messenger before you, who will prepare your way.

3. Voice of one who cries: in the desert prepare a way for the Lord, make his paths straight.