Ancient writing systems in the Mediterranean

A critical guide to electronic resources


- 6th century BCE

Online resources

Web sites of general interest

  1. Wikipedia – Lemnian Language
    Page of Wikipedia dedicated to the Lemnian language, with a correct transcription of the stele of Kaminia, and of the new inscription from Hephaistia (area of the theatre).
  2. Where Did The Etruscans Come From?
    Page in English and German dedicated to the relationships between Etruscan and Lemnian, in the website by D. Steinbauer (Regensburg), a scholar specialized in Etruscan language.

Online documents

  1. C. de Simone, La Nuova Iscrizione ‘Tirsenica’ di Lemnos (Efestia, teatro): considerazioni generali [The New Tyrsenian inscription of Lemnos (Hephaistia, theater): general considerations]
    Important contribution by the linguist Carlo de Simone, great specialist of Lemnian language, published in the journal Rasenna: Journal of the Center for Etruscan Studies, Vol. 3: Iss. 1, 2011. Its contents provide a great deal of information about the new discoveries on the subject of the Lemnian language deriving from the inscription. In Italian.
  2. Nuova iscrizione di Lemnos, isola greca dell’Egeo nord orientale [New inscription of Lemnos, in the northeast Aegean island]
    Short page announcing the discovery of the new inscription from Hephaistia (area of the theatre), edited by the website "Accademia dei tuttologi". In Italian.

Institutions, centers for study and research

  1. The linguist list - The Lemnian Language
    Sheet on the Lemnian language within a broad database on the languages of the world (ODIN: Online Database of Interlinear Text), edited by the Eastern Michigan University.


  1. Blog: A New Lemnian Inscription (M. Weiss)
    Page of the blog "Addenda and Corrigenda" referring to the volume "Outline of the Historical and Comparative Grammar of Latin" (Ann Arbor, 2009), dedicated to the recently-discovered inscription from Hephaistia. The page, opened by the American linguist Michael Weiss, Professor at Cornell University, is full of information, comments, and questions by specialists and scholars interested in the subject.
  2. The Lemnos Stele (Eteocretan Language Pages)
    Page on the stele of Kaminia by the Welsh scholar Raymond Armar Ignatius Brown, in the context of his studies on the Pelasgians and the languages of the Aegean area.
  3. Blog: New Lemnian Inscription (R. Wallace)
    Page of the blog on epigraphic novelties of pre-Roman Italy, linked to the journal "Rasenna", edited by Rex Wallace, Professor of Linguistics at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. The page is specifically dedicated to the monumental inscription from Hephaistia (area of the theatre), recently discovered.
  4. Translating a new Lemnian inscription (Paleoglot)
    Comment page on the new Lemnian inscription from Hephaistia (area of the theatre), edited by Glen Gordon, referencing the announcement of the epigraphic discovery by Michael Weiss.