Ancient writing systems in the Mediterranean

A critical guide to electronic resources


- (end 16th - 11th century BC)

Online resources

Web sites of general interest

  1. Cypro-Minoan sillabary
    The Wikipedia page about the Cypro-Minoan script: the information provided is meager, but fundamentally reliable (even if the division of the texts into "economic" and "votive" types is pure speculation)

Institutions, centers for study and research

  1. Department of Antiquities, Cyprus
    Directed at present by Maria Hadjicosti, the Department of Antiquities is part of the Ministry of Communications and Work of the Republic of Cyprus. It is engaged in very intense archaeological activity on the whole territory of the island, mostly emergency and rescue excavations. It is also responsible for the antiquities collections in the public museums on the island, and it publishes a great number of monographs and excavation reports, as well as an annual report, the Report of the Department of Antiquities, Cyprus, which is the main periodical publication at an international level for ancient Cypriot studies.
  2. Cahiers du Centre d’Études Chypriotes
    The Centre d'Études Chypriotes, founded in 1983 by Olivier Masson and directed by him until his death in 1997, is at the moment the reference point for Cypriot studies in French-speaking countries. Directed by Antoine Hermary, it publishes the Cahier du Centre d'Études Chypriotes, an annual review which publishes important contributions at an international level about Cypriot history and archaeology. The Center does not have its own website, but the Cahiers are freely accessible online (with a 3 year moving wall) on
  3. The A. G. Leventis Foundation
    The A.G. Leventis Foundation is of interdisciplinary character, as its aim is to conserve and develop the interest areas of Anastasios George Leventis (1902-1978), the famous Cypriot entrepreneur. Concerning the study of Cypriot antiquities the Foundation offers financing for wide-ranging projects (including the publication of the most important collections of Cypriot antiquities) and for research centers (such as the Centre d' Études Chypriotes), symposia and study activities; it also offers some scholarships.
  4. Cyprus American Archaeological Research Institute
    Founded in 1978, the CAARI is a research center headquartered in Nicosia; it can accommodate a certain number of students and scholars at low rates; it has one of the richest libraries on the island specialized in Cypriot studies. It also organizes conferences and other study and research activities, and it occasionally publishes monographs.
  5. Program in Aegean Scripts and Prehistory
    This research center was founded by Thomas G. Palaima in 1986, and its aim is the study of writing in the Minoan, Mycenaean and Cypriot worlds.
  6. Institut für Interdisziplinäre Zypern-Studien
    Founded in 1995, the Institute is currently directed by Peter Funke and Sabine Rogge. It promotes and organizes symposia and meetings, cooperation with study and research activities, and promotion in general of cultural initiatives concerning Cyprus.


  1. The History of Famagusta, Enkomi
    The page, part of a historical overview of the city of Famagusta published by the municipality in exile, contains the image of a tablet of CM1 from Enkomi dating from the 13th century BC. The quality of the image is poor as it is scanned from a book.
  2. Category:Cypro-Minoan inscriptions - Wikimedia Commons
    In Wikimedia Commons at "Cypro-Minoan inscriptions" there are a few images: one clay ball from the Louvre (AM 2226), a tablet of CM2, likewise at the Louvre (AM 2336), the reproduction of a CM1 tablet from Enkomi (two images, both of poor quality) and a table containing “The current (2015) consensus about values of certain CM signs, based on their comparison with the Cypriot signs”.


  1. Astral Planes
    Unlike the Cypro-Syllabic script, there is no font (Unicode or other) for the transcription of the Cypro-Minoan signs. This is probably due to the present situation of our knowledge, which does not yet allow the systematization and standardization of the Cypro-Minoan syllabaries, not even of the most widespread, the CM1. On the homepage of Nick Nicholas, a linguist from Melbourne associated with the TLG project among others, some interesting information is presented about the application of the Unicode standard to ancient classical languages (Greek in particular, and other languages and scripts linked to the Greek world). It seems that for the Cypro-Minoan script an encoding proposal in the Unicode Supplementary Multilingual Plane has been advanced, for U+10780 - U+107BF.
  2. UC Berkeley Script Encoding Initiative (SEI), Cypro-Minoan
    This working document was produced within the SEI by Michael Everson and it represents the latest revision status of the documentation of the proposal for encoding Cypro-Minoan according to the Unicode standard. For all updates, see the webpage
  3. Unsupported Scripts
    This page lists some modern and archaic scripts which are not yet supported by the Unicode standard. The scripts for which proposals have already been advanced and that are in the encoding process are marked in red: Cypro-Minoan is not one of them.
  4. Cypro-Minoan
    This font, created by George Douros, is encoded in the Unicode plane 15. The package Aegean can be freely downloadable.


  1. JEAN-PIERRE OLIVIER, "Édition holistique des textes chypro-minoens", Pisa-Roma 2007
    On the web site of the publisher, the details about the corpus of Cypro-Minoan inscriptions published by Jean-Pierre Olivier at the end of 2007.