Ancient writing systems in the Mediterranean

A critical guide to electronic resources


- (end 16th - 11th century BC)

Online resources

Web sites of general interest

  1. Cypro-Minoan sillabary
    Wikipedia page on the Cypro-Minoan script.

Institutions, centers for study and research

  1. Institut für Interdisziplinäre Zypern-Studien
    Founded in 1995, the Institut für Interdisziplinäre Zypern-Studien promotes and organises symposia and meetings, cooperation with study and research activities, and promotion in general of cultural initiatives concerning Cyprus.
  2. Cyprus American Archaeological Research Institute
    Founded in 1978, the CAARI is a research center headquartered in Nicosia; it can accommodate a certain number of students and scholars at low rates; it has one of the richest libraries on the island specialized in Cypriot studies. It also organizes conferences and other study and research activities, and it occasionally publishes monographs.
  3. The A. G. Leventis Foundation
    The A.G. Leventis Foundation is of interdisciplinary character, as its aim is to conserve and develop the interest areas of Anastasios George Leventis (1902-1978), the famous Cypriot entrepreneur. Concerning the study of Cypriot antiquities the Foundation offers financing for wide-ranging projects (including the publication of the most important collections of Cypriot antiquities) and for research centers (such as the Centre d’Études Chypriotes), symposia and study activities; it also offers several scholarships, to which is dedicated a specific website [].
  4. Centre d’Études Chypriotes
    The Centre d’Études Chypriotes, founded in 1983 by Olivier Masson and directed by him until his death in 1997, is at the moment the reference point for Cypriot studies in French-speaking countries (and not only). Directed by Sabine Fourrier, it publishes the Cahiers du Centre d’Études Chypriotes, an annual review with important contributions at an international level about Cypriot history and archaeology. The Cahiers 1 to 46 (1984-2016) are fully accessible on the open access platform Persée []. The website (in French and in English) has a section of news which is regularly updated.
  5. Department of Antiquities, Cyprus
    Directed by Marina Solomidou-Ieronymidou, the Department of Antiquities is part of the Ministry of Communications and Work of the Republic of Cyprus. It is engaged in very intense archaeological activity on the whole territory of the island, mostly emergency and rescue excavations. It is also responsible for the antiquities collections in the public museums on the island, and it publishes a great number of monographs and excavation reports. Its annual journal, the Report of the Department of Antiquities, Cyprus, has been published in the last years with irregular periodicity (the last volume, n.s. 1, 2018, appeared in 2020). For the most up-to-date news consult the DA’s facebook page [].
  6. Centro Internazionale per la Ricerca sulle Civiltà Egee "Pierre Carlier"
    The International Centre for the Research on Aegean Civilisations “Pierre Carlier” (Centro Internazionale per la Ricerca sulle Civiltà Egee “Pierre Carlier”= CIRCE), founded by Massimo Perna under the auspices of the University of Sassari at Oristano, preserves the archives and the library of Jean-Pierre Olivier and Frieda Vandenabeele. Opened in 2019, it organises seminars and events.
  7. Program in Aegean Scripts and Prehistory
    The website of PASP (Program in Aegean Scripts and Prehistory) reports on the activities and resources of this important centre, founded in 1986 at the University of Texas at Austin by Thomas G. Palaima, an expert in Aegean scripts of the second and first millennia BC.
  8. ERC CREWS (Contexts and Relations between Early Writing Systems, 2016-2021)
    The ERC project CREWS (Contexts and Relations between Early Writing Systems, 2016-2021) has been developed by Philippa M. Steele at the University of Cambridge. Focused on the history of writing systems in the Aegean, Eastern Mediterranean and the Levant between 2000 and 600 BC, the project gives a large place to Cypriot scripts (Cypro-Minoan, Cypro-Syllabic and Phoenician), on which Philippa Steele has published several books.


  1. Collections, Louvre
    Many discoveries from Enkomi (excavations by Claude Schaeffer), including several Cypro-Minoan inscriptions, are recorded in the database Collections of the Louvre. See, for example, the tablet AM 2336 (a long inscription in Cypro-Minoan 2) [], several boules (clay balls with signs in Cypro-Minoan 1) [], and the stylus AM 2116 [], used to trace marks on the clay.
  2. Invention of Scripts and their Beginnings, 2018-2023
    Within the ERC project INSCRIBE (Invention of Scripts and their Beginnings, 2018-2023), coordinated by Silvia Ferrara at the University of Bologna, models and 3D replicas of clay balls inscribed in Cypro-Minoan have been produced: Cypro-Minoan, together with other second-millennium Aegean scripts (Linear A, Cretan Hieroglyphic), is one of the main scientific interests of INSCRIBE.
  3. Enkomi Digitisation Project
    The website of the Enkomi Digitisation Project, developed by the Department of Antiquities of Cyprus (Despo Pilides), presents the material from the British excavations in the necropolis of Enkomi (1894-1896) kept at the Cyprus Museum in Nicosia. Among the recorded objects, a bone stylus:


  1. Cypro-Minoan - Unicode charts
    The SEI (Script Encoding Initiative) has recently approved the codification of the Cypro-Minoan in the block 12F90-12FFF of the Unicode standard (see version 14.0, September 2021), which takes as its basis the work made by Jean-Pierre Olivier.
  2. Aegean
    Created by George Douros, Aegean is an OpenType font proposing a very good repertory for Cypro-Minoan [].


  1. Investigating the signs and sounds of Cypro-Minoan
    The unpublished PhD thesis of M. F. G. Valério on Cypro-Minoan (University of Barcelona, 2016: in English).