Ancient writing systems in the Mediterranean

A critical guide to electronic resources


- 12th century BC - 2nd century AD

Online resources

Web sites of general interest

  1. - Carthage
    Page dedicated to Carthage on the, a site featuring articles about ancient history, maintained by Jona Lendering.
  2. Encyclopedia Phoeniciana
    A large compilation of web resources about origin, history, geography, religion, arts, trade, industry, mythology, language, literature, music, wars, archaeology and culture of the Phoenicians by Georges Elias, Sydney (Australia).

Online documents

  1. Syria, rivista dell'Institut Français du Proche-Orient
    Site of the journal Syria, published by the Institut Français du Proche-Orient. Articles from 1920 onwards can be downloaded from the site.
  2. Studi Epigrafici e Linguistici sul Vicino Oriente Antico
    Site of "Epigraphic and linguistic studies about the Ancient Near East": a page taken from the journal with this name. The site features a number of years in full text. archeological expedition in Tel Dor.

Institutions, centers for study and research

  1. Progetto Algeria punica
    Website about the Phoenician-Punic civilization in Algeria, which developed between the 8th and the 1st century BC and in particular about the city of Iol-Caesarea (now Cherchel), a city with a double name (Iol in the Punic world, Caesarea in the Roman era). The project is managed by the Istituto di Studi sul Mediterraneo Antico (CNR-ISMA).[see "Institutions" below].
  2. The Tel Dor Archaeological Expedition
    Site of the archeological expedition in Tel Dor.

Museums and collections

  1. British Museum, Collection database search
    Research page of the British Museum of London. Hundreds of photos of Phoenician and Punic archeological finds can be seen here.

Collections of texts and digital libraries

  1. TOCS-IN Tables of Contents of Journals of Interest to Classicists
    TOCS-IN allows users to search the bibliographies of articles in nearly 200 scholarly journals in the fields of classics or the ancient orient, from 1992 onwards.
  2. Neo-Punic Texts
    Neo-Punic Texts. From K. Jongeling's website (Author of the Handbook of Neo-Punic Inscriptions, Tübingen 2008)


  1. Istituto di Studi sulle Civiltà Italiche e del Mediterraneo Antico (CNR) - Roma
    Website of the "Institute for the study of Italic and ancient Mediterranean civilizations" of the CNR in Rome.
  2. Centro de Estudios Fenicios y Púnicos
    This site is maintained by the Department of Ancient History at the Faculty of Geography and History of the Universidad Complutense de Madrid.
  3. Oxford Centre for Phoenician and Punic Studies
    The Oxford Centre for Phoenician and Punic Studies was created in 2012 and is a reference point in organizing yearly meetings in these fields.


  1. A bibliography of semitic linguistics
    Extensive online bibliography of Semitic linguistics, maintained by G. del Olmo Lete. Contains a good section on Phoenician-Punic. Materials can be downloaded in .pdf format.