Mnamon

Ancient writing systems in the Mediterranean

A critical guide to electronic resources

Hieratic

- (3rd millennium BC - Roman era)


Online resources



Web sites of general interest

  1. Digital Egypt
    Introductory pages dedicated to Hieratic in a site more specifically dedicated to Egyptian civilization in general.
  2. History of Egypt Podcast
    Dozens of podcasts by Dominic Perry devoted to ancient Egypt. Even though the main topic is the history of ancient Egypt, a number of podcasts in the sections “Mini Episodes” and “Middle Kingdom” are devoted to hieratic-language works in Egyptian literature. Each podcast is complemented by a bibliography.
  3. Hieratic Studies Online
    Site of the academic series Hieratic Studies Online, University of Mainz, open access and dedicated to presenting research on all aspects of hieratic, from palaeography to the text editions. Only two issues were published between 2016 and 2021.

Institutions, centers for study and research

  1. Il Libro dei Morti dell'Antico Egitto - Ägyptologie, Universität Bonn

  2. Altägyptische Kursivschriften. Digitale Paläographie und systematische Analyse des Hieratischen und der Kursivhieroglyphen
    Site of the project by the University of Mainz on digital paleography and the analysis of hieratic and cursive hieroglyphics, rich in resources, links and with an updated and very rich blog.
  3. Hieratische Paläographie DB
    Database on hieratic paleography based on the work of Möller, edited by Tokyo University.

Academic materials

  1. Basic lessons in Hieratic
    Five paleographic lessons to begin, ed. by Stephen Fryer, self-taught expert. The lessons are divided into : 1. "alphabetic" signs; 2. most common determinatives; 3. most common bi- and triliterals; 4. ligatures; 5. numbers.
  2. VAN HEEL, K.D., A Very Easy Crash Course in Abnormal Hieratic
    K. Donker van Heel, A Very Easy Crash Course in Abnormal Hieratic. Being a Step by Step Introduction to the Least Accessible of All Ancient Egyptian Scripts, Leiden 2013.
  3. POE, W.C. The Writing of a Skillful Scribe: An Introduction to Hieratic Middle Egyptian through the Text of the Shipwrecked Sailor
    W.C. Poe, The Writing of a Skillful Scribe: An Introduction to Hieratic Middle Egyptian through the Text of the Shipwrecked Sailor, Sonoma 2008. PDF document downloadable from the website of the California State University.
  4. VERHOEVEN VAN ELSBERGEN, U. Ägyptologische "Binsen"-Weisheiten I – II : neue Forschungen und Methoden der Hieratistik
    U. Verhoeven Van Elsbergen, Ägyptologische "Binsen"-Weisheiten I – II : neue Forschungen und Methoden der Hieratistik ; Akten zweier Tagungen in Mainz im April 2011 und März 2013, Stuttgart 2015. PDF document downloadable from the website of the University of Meinz.

Images

  1. The Digital Library of Inscriptions and Calligraphies - Bibliotheca Alexandrina

Texts

  1. MÖLLER G., Hieratische paläographie, Leipzig 1909-1936

  2. VAN HEEL K.D., GOLVERDINGEN J., An Abnormal Hieratic Reading Book 1

  3. VAN HEEL K.D., GOLVERDINGEN J., An Abnormal Hieratic Reading Book 2

  4. VAN HEEL K.D., GOLVERDINGEN J., An Abnormal Hieratic Reading Book 3

  5. MÖLLER G., Hieratische Lesestücke für den akademischen Gebrauch

  6. Il Papiro Bremner-Rhind

  7. Il Papiro Harris I

  8. L'Oasita eloquente

  9. Storie in Medio Egiziano

  10. Letteratura in Neo Egiziano

  11. La saggezza di Ani

  12. Lettere tardo-ramessidi

  13. Late-Egyptian Miscellanies
    GARDINER A.H., Late-Egyptian Miscellanies, Bibliotheca Aegyptiaca 7, Bruxelles 1937
  14. Ramses online – An Annotated Corpus of Late Egyptian
    Site internet donnant accès à une partie du corpus annoté du Néo-Égyptien créé par le Projet Ramsès (Université de Liège). La version bêta, qui contient 65 000 lemmes, permet de naviguer librement à travers tout le corpus, d’effectuer des recherches simples et avancées, de consulter des notes sur les lemmes, la graphie et l’analyse grammaticale.
  15. NAVILLE, E. Papyrus funéraires de la XXIe dynastie. Volume 1
    E. Naville, Papyrus funéraires de la XXIe dynastie. Le papyrus hiéroglyphique de Kamara, le papyrus hiératique de Nesikhonsou au Musée du Caire, Paris 1912. PDF document downloadable from the website of the Ancient World Digital Library, New York University.
  16. NAVILLE, E. Papyrus funéraires de la XXIe dynastie. Volume 2
    E. Naville, Papyrus funéraires de la XXIe dynastie. Le papyrus hiératique de Katseshni au Musée du Caire, Paris 1914. PDF document downloadable from the website of the Ancient World Digital Library, New York University.

Fonts

  1. There are no hieratic fonts: photographs of originals are used for publication; moreover, Hieratic has traditionally been published in Hieroglyphic transcription. A recent attempt to standardise was made by the editor of the site Egyptology Lessons, for the uniliteral signs only, therefore of limited use. The link points to a Dropbox folder: https://www.dropbox.com/sh/uy1two8sy3o41kh/AAC4EKfQP1gvauf3FoPcxzuWa?dl=0

Museums and collections

  1. DVCTVS - [Spanish] National Papyrological Funds

  2. Papyrus Portal

  3. Turin Papyrus Online Platform
    Catalogue of the papyrological collection of the Museo Egizio in Turin, with comprehensive entries, high-resolution images and a user-friendly and effective search tool. 48 Hieratic papyri and one abnormal Hieratic papyrus are included at this time.

Collections of texts and digital libraries

  1. Digital Egypt for Universities
    Excellent site from the University College of London and Petrie Museum, and edited by Stephen Quirke, director of the museum. At this link users can find the Abusir Papyri and the ostraca of Deir el-Medina (photographs of the original and translation).
  2. Hieroglyphic and Hieratic Papyri (HHP)
    Hieroglyphic and Hieratic Papyri (HHP) is an online database of metadata. Its aim is to provide information about all published (and semi-published) as well as some unpublished texts written in these two scripts (excluding Abnormal Hieratic), currently some 1520 items.
  3. Trismegistos
    An interdisciplinary portal of papyrological and epigraphical resources dealing with Egypt and the Nile valley between roughly 800 BC and AD 800. There are very rich databases of metadata on papyrus and parchment.
  4. Deir el Medine Online - Ostraca non letterari da Deir el-Medina (Institut für Ägyptologie München)

  5. Corpus of Transcribed Hieratic Documents in the Griffith Institute Archive
    A checklist of the transcriptions kept at the Griffith Institute, Oxford University, made by outstanding scholars of the past like Cerny, Gardiner and Peet. Images are sometimes provided. The site does not index copies of graffiti, even though they are in the archive.