Ancient writing systems in the Mediterranean

A critical guide to electronic resources

Ancient North Arabian


  1. Beeston, Alfred F. L. (1981) Languages of pre-Islamic Arabia in Arabica (Numéro Spécial Double: Études de Linguistique Arabe) Vol. 28, pp. 178-186 (Ing)
  2. Müller, Walter W. (1982) Das Altarabische und Klassisch Arabisch. Das Frühnordarabische in W. Fischer (ed.), Grundiß der arabischen Philologie, Band I: Sprachwissenschaft, Wiesbaden, pp. 17-29 (Ted)
  3. Robin, Christian J. (1991-1993) Les langues de la péninsule arabique in C. J. Robin (ed.), L'Arabie antique de Karibʾîl à Mahomet. Nouvelles données sur l'histoire des Arabes grâces aux inscriptions. (Revue du Monde Musulman et de la Mediterranée, 61), Aix-en-Provence: Édisud, pp. 89-111 (Ing)
  4. Macdonald, Michael C. A. (2000) Reflections on the linguistic map of pre-Islamic Arabia in Arabian Archaeology and Epigraphy Vol. 11, p. 28–79 (Ing)
  5. Robin, Christian J. (2001) Les inscriptions de l'Arabie antique et les études arabes in Arabica (Linguistique Arabe: Sociolinguistique et Histoire de la Langue) Vol. 48 pp. 509-577 (Fra)
  6. Macdonald, Michael C. A. (2004) Ancient North Arabian in R. D. Woodard (ed.), The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the World’s Ancient Languages, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 488-533 (Ing)
  7. Knauf, Ernst A. (2010) Arabo-Aramaic and ʿArabiyya. From Ancient Arabic to Early Standard Arabic, 200 CE-600 CE in A. Neuwirth, N. Sinai, M. Marx (ed.), The Qurʾān in context. Historical and literary investigations into the Qurʾānic milieu (Texts and studies on the Qurʾān 6), Leiden: Brill pp. 197-254, (Ing)
  8. Hayajneh, Hani (2011) Ancient North Arabian in S. Weninger (ed.) in collaboration with Geoffrey Kahn, Michael P. Streck and Janet C.E. Watson, The Semitic Languages. An International Handbook (Handbücher zur Sprach- und Kommunikationswissenschaft 36), Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton, pp. 756-782 (Ing)
  9. Al-Jallad, Ahmad (2015) An Outline of the Grammar of the Safaitic Inscriptions (Studies in Semitic languages and linguistics 80), Leiden: Brill (Ing)
  10. Koostra, Fokelien (2016) The language of Taymanitic and its classification in Arabian Epigraphic Notes Vol. 2 pp. 67-140 (Ing)
  11. Al-Jallad, Ahmad (In stampa) The earliest stages of Arabic and its linguistic classification in Routledge Handbook of Arabic Linguistics (Ing)